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Wolcott, Oliver, 1760-1833



Oliver Wolcott was born on January 11, 1760 to Oliver Wolcott (1726-1797) and Laura Collins Wolcott. On June 1, 1785, Oliver married Elizabeth (Betsey) Stoughton, the daughter of Captain John Stoughton. They had seven children. He died on June 1, 1833 and is buried in the East Cemetery in Litchfield

Wolcott was well educated, and put his training to use through a noted political career. He graduated from Yale in 1778 and entered the Litchfield Law School, studying under Tapping Reeve. In 1781, he was admitted to the Bar and received a Master's degree from Yale.

His political appointments included the Committee of the General Assembly in 1782, followed by the Commissioner for the state of Connecticut, rising rapidly to the to the position of the Connecticut Comptroller in 1788 and, a year later, Auditor in the national Treasury Department. In 1791, he became the Comptroller of the United States Treasury.

In 1795, Oliver was appointed the second Secretary of the Treasury of the United States of America by George Washington. He held the position into the administration of John Adams, retiring in 1800.

In April of 1803, Oliver was elected president of Merchant's Bank and held the position for a year. He went on to help found the Bank of America and was elected its first president in 1812. He held that position for two years. After that retirement, he returned to Litchfield.

In 1817, Oliver ran for the seat of Governor of Connecticut under the Democratic/Toleration ticket and won. He was re-elected to the position for ten consecutive years, finally ending his administration in 1827.

In addition to a full public life, Wolcott served in the military during the Revolutionary War and enjoyed a successful business life. His ventures included the Litchfield China Trading Company, Oliver Wolcott & Co., and the Litchfield Manufacturing Company (commonly known as the Wolcott Manufacturing Company.) They included foreign trade, manufacturing merino wool, and retail sales.

Author: Linda Hocking

Found in 3 Collections and/or Records:

Wolcott family collection


Identifier: 1906-04-0
Abstract Correspondence chiefly between Frederick Wolcott (1767-1837), his wife Elizabeth (Betsey) Huntington  Wolcott (1774-1812), his brother Oliver Wolcott (1760-1833) who served as Secretary of the Treasury and Governor of Connecticut, and Jabez W. Huntington (1788-1847) who served as a U.S. Senator from Connecticut.  Topics include domestic news, local, state, regional and national politics, business affairs, church activities, trade with China and the merchant vessel Trident, raising merino...
Dates: translation missing: en.enumerations.date_label.created: 1740-1844; Other: Majority of material found within 1790-1837; Other: Date acquired: 01/01/1906

Wolcott, Oliver Letter

Digital Object ID ##ukpyhz

 Digital Record
Identifier: Digital Object ID ##ukpyhz
Dates: Digitized: 1810 Dec 21

Wolcott papers


Identifier: 00-2023-03-0
Scope and Contents

One document signed by Oliver Wolcott (1726-1797) certifying that a Continental Sorrel horse was sold to Charles Woodruff who has paid full value. Three orders endorsed by Oliver Wolcott (1760-1833) while working for the Connecticut State Pay Table Office. Circular letter from Oliver Wolcott (1760-1833) from the U.S. Treasury Department regarding specification of ship cargo.

Dates: 1760 - 1793