Skip to main content

Samuel Flewwelling papers


Identifier: 2010-96-0

Scope and Contents

The papers of New York City banker and businessman Samuel Flewwelling (1774 or 5-1849) primarily relating to property held by his wife, Julia Elvira Canfield Flewwelling (1791-1868), and him in the Western Reserve, later Ohio. Following Samuel's death, the properties were managed by William Mackay (1795-1873), a New York City businessman and the husband of Caroline Emma Canfield Mackay. The collections includes indentures, agreements, leases, deeds, statements and accounts, and correspondence. The papers are arranged chronologically in one series and consist mostly of documents concerning the conveyance land in the Western Reserve. The earliest document outlines the partitioning of land Judson Canfield and others purchased from the Connecticut Land Co. in 1799. Flewwelling acquired land from Canfield as early as 1815. Some of the later sales were among members of Flewwelling's family, including his father-in-law Judson Canfield, his brother-in-law Henry J. Canfield, and his brother- and sister-in-law Frederick Augustus Tallmadge and Elizabeth Canfield Tallmadge. Flewwelling provided mortgages to some of the purchasers of land, and the agreements contained in the papers spell out the payment terms. For many years, Royal Millard served as Flewwelling's agent in Ohio, and the collection includes many of his letters reporting on the buying and selling of properties and the collection of funds. After Millard died in 1854, Henry Canfield and William H. Canfield, a nephew of Judson Canfield, served as agents in Ohio, and their letters are also represented in the collection. Following Flewwelling's death in 1849, his brother-in-law William Mackay, a New York City businessman whose father William and brother Robert Mackay were wealthy Boston merchants, managed the Ohio lands for Julia Canfield Flewwelling. It appears that by the time of Mrs. Flewwelling's death in 1868 all of her and her late husband's Ohio land holdings may have been sold. Of particular interest in the papers are several documents that summarize Flewwelling's property holdings and detail the contracts and deeds he held.


  • created: 1799-1868
  • Other: Date acquired: 01/03/2010


Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection are in the public domain. There are no restrictions on use. Copyright status for other collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Biographical or Historical Information

Samuel Flewwelling was born in 1774 or 1775, a son of Abel Flewwelling and Abigail Fowler Flewwelling of Newburgh, N.Y. The Flewwellings moved to New Brunswick during or shortly after the American Revolution. Samuel became associated with William Rhinelander in New York in 1796 and joined the Manhattan Bank in 1801 as bookkeeper. He was promoted to more responsible positions, becoming cashier of the Poughkeepsie branch in 1809. In 1810, he returned to the main office to become cashier until 1817, when he became cashier of the City Bank. He was the cashier of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company from 1825 until 1829, when he became cashier of the National Bank in New York. Flewwelling maintained residences in New York City and Nyack, N.Y. He retired in 1840 and died in 1849. Samuel Flewwelling married Julia Elvira Canfield, a daughter of Judson Canfield and Mabel Ruggles Canfield. Samuel and Julia Flewwelling had no children. Julia's siblings were Henry J. Canfield (1789-1856) of Canfield, Ohio; Elizabeth Hannah Canfield Tallmadge (1793-1878); and Caroline Emma Canfield Mackay (1798-1872).

Note written by


0.83 Linear Feet

Language of Materials


Arrangement Note

This collection is arranged in one series: 1. Papers, 1799-1868

Source of Acquisition

Carroll Swope

Method of Acquisition


Existence and Location of Originals

multi-part note content

Related Materials

Judson Canfield Papers (1985-70-0)

Other Descriptive Information

This collection was processed with support from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) and the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

Samuel Flewwelling papers
Leith Johnson
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Litchfield Historical Society Repository

7 South Street
P.O. Box 385
Litchfield CT 06759
860-567-3565 (Fax)