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Gould, James, 1770-1838



James Gould (Dec. 5, 1770 - May 11, 1838), jurist, born at Branford, Conn., where his great-grandfather, Dr. Richard Gould of North Taunton, Oakhampton, Devonshire, had settled about 1700, was the son of William Gould, a well-known physician of that town, by his second wife, Mary Foote, widow of Timothy Johnson. His early education was obtained in the common schools, under the heavy handicap of defective eyesight. Strenuous application, however, enabled him in 1787 to enter Yale College, where he graduated in 1791 with high honors. He then became a school-teacher in Wethersfield, Conn., and later in Baltimore, Md., but returned to Connecticut early in 1793 and entered the law office of Judge Chauncey at New Haven. In September of that year he accepted a position as tutor at Yale. In 1795 he resumed his legal studies, entering the law school which Tapping Reeve [q.v.] had established in 1784 at Litchfield. In 1798 he completed the course and was admitted to the bar. The same year the appointment of Reeve as a judge of the superior court of Connecticut rendered it necessary for him to seek assistance in the tutorial work and management of the law school, which he had hitherto conducted alone, and at his request Gould became his colleague, at the same time continuing to practice. For a number of years they remained thus associated, and when Reeve finally withdrew in 1820 Gould assumed sole charge. In politics a Federalist, he was in May 1816 appointed a judge of the superior court and court of errors. In 1818 a new constitution was framed which involved a complete change in the court system, and as a consequence he was retired from the bench in the following year. He did not resume active practice but devoted his energies henceforth to the affairs of the law school, continuing to lecture until growing physical infirmity compelled him to close the school in 1833. -- H. W. Howard Knott

"James Gould."Dictionary of American Biography Base Set. American Council of Learned Societies, 1928-1936.

Found in 4 Collections and/or Records:

"Litchfield Hill" from Harper's New Monthly Magazine


 Collection — Box 1
Identifier: 00-2013-112-0
Scope and Contents

"Litchfield Hill," is an article from Harper's New Monthly Magazine, 2013-112-0, about the town of Litchfield during the Revolutionary War and some of its most famous residents from the later 18th and early 19th centuries: Tapping Reeve, Sarah Pierce, Oliver Wolcott, James Gould, and Benjamin Tallmadge.

Dates: Created: no date

Litchfield Law School collection


Identifier: 1890-10-0

This collection includes materials pertaining to Tapping Reeve, James Gould, the Litchfield Law School, and alumni of the school.  It was assembled by the Historical Society over a period of years.  Many of the law books used by Reeve and his students are also held by the Society and can be found through the book catalog.  The Society's institutional records document the history of the Tapping Reeve House and Litchfield Law School building.

Dates: Created: 1773-1990; Other: Date acquired: 01/01/1890

John Marshall letter to James Gould


Identifier: 2021-37-0
Content Description This letter from Chief Justice John Marshall to Judge James Gould is in reference to Gould's 1832 book, "A Treatise on the Principles of Pleading in Civil Actions." Marshall wrote, "I have now read it through with advantage to my self, and with some surprise at finding that a subject which has employed so many pens should still admit of being presented in a form that may make the book an acquisition certainly to the law student, and indeed to the profession. You have well arranged the matter...
Dates: 1832 Dec 3

Lyman Beecher Stowe speech


 Collection — Box 1
Identifier: 00-2010-226-0
Scope and Contents

Speech delivered by Lyman Beecher Stowe at the celebration of Litchfield's bicenennial. He remarked on his ancestors and their connection to Litchfield and his appreciation of some of the memorable citizens of Litchfield, including Sarah Pierce, Charles Loring Brace, Oliver Wolcott, Benjamin Tallmadge, Tapping Reeve, James Gould, and John Pierpont.

Dates: Created: 1920 Aug 2

Additional filters:

Account books 1
Circulars (fliers) 1
Correspondence 1
Judicial records 1
Law -- Study and teaching -- Connecticut 1